The American Education System is unlike many other countries in the world because education is mainly the responsibility of the state and the local government. The American education system is considered one of the best education system in the world because it produces wholesome graduates who go on to make a real difference in the society.
The United States has a highly decentralized system of education. As such, the curriculum is not standardized because the individual states have great control over what things are taught in schools and over academic standards each student should meet before progressing to the next level. Hence, there is a huge variation in terms of courses, subjects, funding and many other activities. However, there are some things common such as the division of the education system into three levels: primary education, secondary education and higher education. So, it is important to familiarize yourself with your state’s education policy.
Generally, formal schooling lasts for 12 years, until one attains age 18 but mandatory schooling lasts until age 16 in most states. The other remains states require students to study until age 17 or 18.
Public schools in the US are free but those who choose to attend private schools are required to pay tuition fees. The type of school you choose depends on what type of education you would like to gove your child. For instance, most wealthy families take their children to private schools because they believe that is where quality education can be found.
This is the common structure in most states:
- Elementary education last for 5 years and is commonly referred to as K-5. Most children enter elementary school at the age of 6
- Middle school last for 3 years and high school last 4 years.
Children can begin their education by attending pre-school/kindergarten from ages 2 to 4. The government does not fund education at this level. At the pre-school level, children learn the alphabet, elementary basics, colours, and other fun learning activities.
It is worth noting that children at the elementary level spend most of their time in one classroom with one teacher. But when they progress to middle school, they move from one class to another each period with a new mixture of students and new teacher. Here students are free to select from a wide range of academic subjects as well as elective classes. From there, students move to high school where there is even greater variety of subjects to choose from than before.
In order to graduate with a high school diploma, students must have attained a certain number of credits. Unlike other countries, there are no final examinations.
When students complete their high school, they are expected to join college to pursue a career of their choice. Different colleges offer different course. Make use of the best gpa calculator to find which collage accepts your GPA level.
IT (Information Technology)
In the United States, Technology is the most recent subject which standards were developed. Technology was approved in 2000 and it is now taught all American schools.